Onze fractie stemde tegen dit wetsvoorstel omdat er heel wat vragen rijzen bij de definitie van 'terroristische aanvallen' en de vrijwaring van de fundamentele rechten niet langer gegarandeerd is.
De definitie laat bijvoorbeeld toe dat bepaalde politieke acties als terrorisme kunnen bestempeld worden, en ook het recht op vrije meningsuiting staat onder druk. Verdachten kunnen worden opgepakt, enkel omdat ze er verdacht uitzien, wat kan leiden tot discriminatie. De vrijheden die terroristen aanvallen, worden met deze richtlijn ondermijnd. Meer en snellere, automatische, uitwisseling van gegevens en meer samenwerking over de grenzen heen, had een duidelijker signaal kunnen zijn, met meer effecten.
The European Parliament has today (16 Feb) adopted the new EU directive intended to support the fight against terrorism. Despite welcoming elements of the directive, the Greens/EFA Group voted against, citing a range of concerns regarding the definition of terrorist offences and the risks posed to fundamental freedoms.
In particular, the definition of "terrorist offenses" is far too broad, including actions which cause "major economic loss". The criminal offense of "public provocation" is also too vague, and would be open to interpretations by Member States that would seriously threaten freedom of expression.
Greens/EFA Justice and home affairs spokesperson, Jan Philipp Albrecht commented:
"Despite good progress in the harmonization of criminal offenses, improved information exchange and greater protection for victims, the problems with this directive are far too serious for us to give our support.
"What the directive defines as terrorism could be used by governments to criminalise political actions or protest. We risk a situation in which climate campaigners, or civil rights activists, could find themselves charged with terrorist offences if their actions cause economic damage. Likewise, the new criminal offense of public provocation could undermine freedom of expression."
Greens/EFA member of the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee Eva Joly added:
"We are deeply sceptical about the move to criminalise travel for the purposes of terrorism, including within the European Union. Suspects can already be arrested on the grounds of suspicion alone, making this new measure largely redundant. But while the added value of this new provision has not been demonstrated, there is a real risk of it being abused and misused in a discriminatory manner.
"It appears that, for the sake of being seen to be tough on terror, the very freedoms that terrorists want to undermine will end up diminished. Rather than creating lists of new and unclear offences, we should establish mandatory and automatic exchange of information between Member States and ensure closer cross-border cooperation in investigating known suspects."